A Guide to Papakāinga Housing


This booklet is a guide to whānau papakāinga housing available to you, your whānau and community. This guide sets out a step-by-step process to assist whānau to plan for and complete papakāinga housing on Māori Freehold and in some cases General Land, with checklists, tips, advice and case studies to progress your papakāinga housing development as a six step approach.

Step 1. Whānau planning
The first step is ‘whānau planning’. This step requires you to reach consensus across your whānau, hapū, other owners and trustees about a common idea, vision and principles for developing your papakāinga. This step will involve a lot of kōrero, hui and preliminary research and is the most time consuming step in the papakāinga housing development process.

Step 2. Workshops/research
The second step is ‘workshops and/or research’. This step requires you to undertake research, learning and gathering of information. Your detailed research and investigation will give you reasonable confidence that your papakāinga housing development is viable and will identify any likely barriers.

Step 3. Project feasibility
The third step is ‘project feasibility’. With the information you have gathered from Step 1. and Step 2. you, the other owners and trustees are in a better position to engage professional services and technical advice. One of the key things that the Māori Housing Network will consider at this stage is whether your project will likely get to the point of being ‘shovel ready’ (able to start building).

Step 4. Due diligence
The fourth step is ‘due diligence’. This step will require an iterative process and will involve a number of hui and perhaps workshops with the Māori Housing Network. As you are likely to be seeking financial support for building and/or related infrastructure costs, expect the assessment process to be thorough and include an element of negotiation. Note different papakāinga housing developments require different levels of funding assistance. For example, a papakāinga that involves whānau building their own homes (under a Licence to Occupy) may only require some infrastructure support, or for a papakāinga that involves rental homes, may require a capital grant. For all proposals, the Māori Housing Network expects an element of co-contribution to progress to the next step in the process. The basis for financial assistance focuses on what is needed to make the project viable, not a set percentage or amount.

Step 5. Building/project management
The fifth step is ‘building/project management’. With Step 3. and Step 4. now complete you would have secured funding through loan finance and/or the Māori Housing Network and any required loan finance. You would also have resource and building consent approval. You will now be ready to enter into build contracts. This step requires that we have agreed milestone dates and drawdown schedules with you – and we usually include some advance for working capital, with a final drawdown after the houses have council Code of Compliance signoff.

Step 6. Housing operations
This is the sixth and final step ‘housing operations’. This is the culmination of 2-3 years of careful planning and consultation to set you up for the next 25 years of housing management.
With Step 1. to Step 4. you will have selected and prepared the papakāinga residents, resolved your tenancy management and body corporate policies, have maintenance plans and processes in place for your papakāinga and you may even have achieved registration as a Community Housing Provider. Many rōpū underestimate the complexities of managing a papakāinga. We want to make sure that you have the capability and financial resources to maintain the houses, repay any loans, plan for future structural repairs and collect sufficient revenue which is why we spend a lot of time analysing your PVAT financial projections. But housing whānau is the most satisfying part of completing the steps of the papakāinga housing development process.